The sex worker rights movement in Africa has been advocating for sex work to be recognised as work for nearly twenty years now. With regard to sex work, African countries fall in three broadly distinct groups. First, those countries that criminalise the sex worker; second, those countries that do not criminalise sex work but do not recognise it as work (e.g. DRC, Burundi, Cameroun, Mali, Algeria); the third group recognises sex work as work even though it is still considered to be an illegal activity (e.g. South Africa, Kenya).