Ecuador

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Is selling sex criminalised?: 

Sex work is legal only when done in indoor establishments and with a license. Selling sex on the streets is legal grey area and police routinely clamp down, meaning street-based sex workers are liable to police harassment and arrest. Police also raid indoor establishments to enforce licensing rules. Many sex workers work without license/health card and if caught are fined by police.

Is buying sex criminalised?: 

No

Is organising/managing criminalised?: 

Brothels are fined for employing unlicensed sex workers. Unclear if there are other laws against organising/managing.

What other laws are used disproportionately against sex workers?: 

Police use laws against loitering and vagrancy against sex workers

Is there mandatory HIV/STI testing?: 

Yes - for sex workers who choose to comply with licensing rules, they must have medical check-up every 8-15 days, HIV test every 6 months, syphilis every 2 months and chlamydia and herpes every 4 months. Sex workers must pay the costs of all these tests.

Is there mandatory registration?: 

Yes - for sex workers to work legally they must be licensed after presenting medical certificates.

If sex work is regulated, is it in line with other work, or are the regulations unfair or overly restrictive?: 

No, regulations are overly restrictives.

Is sex work recognised as work?: 

No

Is sex work decriminalised with limited regulation?: 

No

Sources/further reading: 

Gertler, P. J., & Shah, M. (2011). Sex work and infection: what’s law enforcement got to do with it?. Journal of Law and Economics, 54(4), 811-840.; https://nacla.org/article/sex-workers-outsmart-quito-police-0; http://latinamericacurrentevents.com/9000-resgistered-sex-workers-guayaquil-ecuador/25320/

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