In the months leading up to the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, international media postulated that at least 40,000 foreign sex workers would enter South Africa, and that an increased HIV incidence would follow. To strengthen the evidence base of future HIV prevention and sexual health programmes during international sporting events, the Sex Worker Education and Advocacy Taskforce (SWEAT) and Sisonke – the national movement of sex workers in South Africa – embarked on a research study to monitor the supply and demand of female sex work in the weeks before, during and after the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
"Many sex workers expected an increase in clients and foreign currency but three-quarters of them said there was no change in working conditions and about 16 per cent said that they got fewer clients," said Marlise Richter, of the Forced Migration Studies Department at (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa).
Four research sites were selected in three cities where World Cup matches were played in 2010 – Cape Town, Rustenburg, Hillbrow and Sandton. The research period was divided into three sections: i.) pre-World Cup, ii.) during the World Cup, and iii.) post-World Cup. The research involved sex workers who were interviewed by their fellow mates who also doubled up as peer educators.
Some of the main findings are as follows:
- there were not significantly more clients seen per sex worker during the World Cup period,
- demand and supply of sex work remained constant across the World Cup period,
- sex workers’ demographics did not change significantly during the World Cup period, indicating no major influx of young sex workers, and
- reported condom use was high, at 99%.
Now that sounds familiar…40,000 sex workers on the move…again:
11 March 2010
By Kate Hawkins, Paulo Longo Research Initiative (PLRI) blog
“The World Cup must just leave” – The impact of the 2010 Soccer World Cup on sex work and migration in South Africa - a qualitative study:
By Marlise Richter, African Centre for Migration & Society (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Football and Sex: 2010 World Cup unsettles a myth:
6 December 2010
By Sakhile Modise, Afrik-News
Research Findings Regarding the Impact of the 2010 Soccer World Cup on Sex Work in South:
14 July 2011
By the Global Network of Sex Work Projects (NSWP)
Fears of sex worker HIV explosion at World Cup:
Uploaded on 28 Oct 2009
By W. Davies, AFP News Agency
Sex Work during the 2010 FIFA World Cup: Results from a Three-Wave Cross-Sectional Survey:
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0028363 (research article)
7 December 2011
By Wim Delva, Marlise Richter, Petra De Koker, Matthew Chersich, Marleen Temmerman, PLOS One.org