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Chinese study sheds light on how well treatment may work as prevention in the real world

The study examined a cohort of people with HIV, in which research had already yielded two contradictory estimates of the effectiveness of ART in preventing transmission. Many of the original HIV-positive partners were infected through selling blood in non-sterile conditions between the early 1990s and 1998. In 1998, the practice was outlawed, but not before it had created a local HIV epidemic.

No-one with an undetectable viral load, gay or heterosexual, transmits HIV in first two years of PARTNER study

Viral load suppression means risk of HIV transmission is 'at most' 4% during anal sex, but final results not due till 2017.

 

The second large study to look at whether people with HIV become non-infectious if they are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) has found no cases where someone with a viral load under 200 copies/ml transmitted HIV, either by anal or vaginal sex.

Worrying development as Morocco becomes first country required by law to validate European patents in its territory

The Moroccan Patent Office (Office of Industrial and Commercial Property - OMPIC) recently formalised an agreement with the European Patent Office (EPO) for validating European patents in Morocco starting on the 1st of March 2015. This mean that patent applications and patents granted in Europe will have the legal effects of Moroccan patent applications and will be subject to Moroccan law. A world premiere, Morocco becomes the first country outside of the European Patent Organisation to validate European patents in its territory.

Key populations in the driver's seat: On the road to universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support

This publication includes a selection of activities undertaken and achievements made during the first 28 months of the Bridging the Gaps programme. In the period September 2011 - December 2013, the programme reached almost 700,000 sex workers, LGBT people and people who use drugs, with services that met their needs. 

Quality of family planning services and integration in the prevention of vertical transmission context

Quality of family planning services and integration in the prevention of vertical transmission context

Perspectives and experiences of women living with HIV and service providers in Cameroon, Nigeria, and Zambia

Leaving No One Behind: Reaching Key Populations through workplace action on HIV and AIDS

Key populations such as sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender populations and people who inject drugs continue to bear a disproportionate brunt of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. They face many barriers including criminalisation. They also experience barriers to HIV treatment, often a result of fears that they will experience discrimination if they seek services in mainstream health settings. This is why sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender populations and people who inject drugs are often described as ‘hard to reach’ populations.

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Community Mobilisation and Empowerment of Female Sex Workers in Karnataka State, South India: HIV/STI Risk

A series of behavioural-biological surveys in 2008 and 2011 in four districts of Karnataka found that mobilising female sex workers is central to effective HIV prevention programming. Defining community mobilisation exposure as low, medium or high, the study revealed female sex workers with high exposure to community mobilisation are:

Driving the HIV Response: A community guide to the WHO 2013 ARV Guidelines on the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating and Preventing HIV Infection

The Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+), the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and STOP AIDS NOW! developed this Community Guide in response to the World Health Organization (WHO) 2013 ARV guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV. It aims to assist community leaders and civil society organisations to:

Consolidated Guidelines On HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment And Care For Key Populations

In this resource, the World Health Organisation (WHO) brings together all existing guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for five key populations (both adults and adolescents) in the HIV response: men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers and transgender people. It includes a number of new recommendations and updates existing guidance and recommendations as appropriate. The 8-page policy brief summarises the Consolidated Guidelines.

These guidelines aim to: