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Policy Change in Prostitution in the Netherlands: from Legalisation to Strict Control

This article looks at how legalisation came to the netherlands; what it was intended to do, and what the impact has been on sex workers. In order to answer these lines of enquiry, the article examines what discourses frame the major actors in this debate, starting with a historical overview of Dutch sex work policies throughout the 20th century. Having established the socio-political backdrop of the Netherlands' approach to legalised sex work, the resource discusses how legalisation (or regulationism) "did not solve a number of serious problems in the sex industry".

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Human Trafficking and Sex Work

This concise guide to the difference between sex work and trafficking - and what a response to trafficking grounded in sex worker rights looks like - discusses the key differences between sex work and trafficking; the differences that make the habitual conflation of the two not only inaccurate but also a hinderance to tackling actual exploitation, and a threat to the human rights of sex workers.

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Laws and Policies Affecting Sex Work

This reference text seeks to "clarify terms and illustrate examples of alternatives to the use of criminal law as a response to sex work". It provides capsule definitions - with small case-studies or examples - of what a variety of laws and policies look like in terms of their impact on sex work, covering criminalisation, legalisation, and decriminalisation, along with a mini-discussion of other laws that are used against sex workers, such as the criminalisation of HIV transmission, or immigration enforcement.

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UNAIDS Guidance Note on HIV and Sex Work and Annexes 2012

Note: This report has been updated, following agreement with UNAIDS in January 2012 to revisions in the document.  

This resource was officially launched in December 2011 as a separate report from the Advisory Group at the UNAIDS Secretariat in Geneva, during the 29th meeting of the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board and has now been integrated into the UNAIDS Guidance Note on HIV and Sex Work as annexes and published by UNAIDS. 

La criminalización de los clientes

A menudo se afirma que la criminalización de los clientes de las trabajadoras sexuales forma parte de un nuevo marco jurídico para erradicar el trabajo sexual y la trata de personas mediante la "eliminación de la demanda". En 1999, Suecia penalizó a los clientes de los trabajadores sexuales y mantuvo la criminalización de terceros, como propietarios de bordillos, administradores, personal de seguridad y de apoyo. La venta individual de sexo seguía siendo legal. Este modelo se conoce con frecuencia como el modelo «sueco», «nórdico» o «demanda final». En muchos países existe una gran presión para avanzar en estas medidas legales y políticas. Las consecuencias perjudiciales de este modelo sobre la salud, los derechos y las condiciones de vida de los trabajadores del sexo rara vez se discuten.

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The Criminalisation of Clients

The criminalisation of sex workers’ clients is often claimed to be part of a new legal framework to eradicate sex work and trafficking by ‘ending demand’. In 1999, Sweden criminalised sex workers’ clients and maintained the criminalisation of third parties such as brothel-owners, managers, security and support staff. The individual selling of sex remained legal. This model is frequently referred to as the ‘Swedish’, ‘Nordic’ or ‘End Demand’ model. There is great pressure in many countries to advance such legal and policy measures. The damaging consequences of this model on sex workers’ health, rights and living conditions are rarely discussed.  

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La Criminalisation des Clients

La criminalisation des travailleurs du sexe des clients est souvent prétendu faire partie d'un nouveau cadre juridique pour éradiquer le travail du sexe et de la traite par "mettre fin à la demande». En 1999, la Suède criminalise les clients des travailleurs du sexe et a maintenu la criminalisation des tiers tels que les propriétaires de maisons closes, les gestionnaires, la sécurité et le personnel de soutien. La vente individuelle du sexe est resté légal. Ce modèle est souvent appelé la «suédoise», «nordique» ou modèle «demande finale». Il y a une grande pression dans de nombreux pays pour faire avancer les mesures juridiques et politiques. Les conséquences néfastes de ce modèle sur la santé, les droits des travailleurs du sexe et les conditions de vie sont rarement discutées.
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The Criminalisation of Clients

The criminalisation of sex workers’ clients is often claimed to be part of a new legal framework to eradicate sex work and trafficking by ‘ending demand’. In 1999, Sweden criminalised sex workers’ clients and maintained the criminalisation of third parties such as brothel-owners, managers, security and support staff. The individual selling of sex remained legal. This model is frequently referred to as the ‘Swedish’, ‘Nordic’ or ‘End Demand’ model. There is great pressure in many countries to advance such legal and policy measures. The damaging consequences of this model on sex workers’ health, rights and living conditions are rarely discussed.  

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La criminalización de los clientes: un resumen

A menudo se afirma que la criminalización de los clientes de las trabajadoras sexuales forma parte de un nuevo marco jurídico para erradicar el trabajo sexual y la trata de personas mediante la "eliminación de la demanda". En 1999, Suecia penalizó a los clientes de los trabajadores sexuales y mantuvo la criminalización de terceros, como propietarios de bordillos, administradores, personal de seguridad y de apoyo. La venta individual de sexo seguía siendo legal. Este modelo se conoce con frecuencia como el modelo «sueco», «nórdico» o «demanda final». En muchos países existe una gran presión para avanzar en estas medidas legales y políticas. Las consecuencias perjudiciales de este modelo sobre la salud, los derechos y las condiciones de vida de los trabajadores del sexo rara vez se discuten.

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The Criminalisation of Clients Summary

The criminalisation of sex workers’ clients is often claimed to be part of a new legal framework to eradicate sex work and trafficking by ‘ending demand’. In 1999, Sweden criminalised sex workers’ clients and maintained the criminalisation of third parties such as brothel-owners, managers, security and support staff. The individual selling of sex remained legal. This model is frequently referred to as the ‘Swedish’, ‘Nordic’ or ‘End Demand’ model. There is great pressure in many countries to advance such legal and policy measures. The damaging consequences of this model on sex workers’ health, rights and living conditions are rarely discussed.  

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