Image: Cover of the Criminalizing Condoms report released by the Open Society Foundation in July 2012.
In July 2012 the Open Society Foundation released a report titled Criminalising Condoms: How Policing Practices Put Sex Workers and HIV Services at Risk in Kenya, Namibia, Russia, South Africa, the United States, and Zimbabwe.
The study observed the practice of police actively stopping and searching sex workers for condoms, either to destroy, confiscate or to use them as evidence to arrest sex workers.
Treating condoms as contraband has forced many sex workers to choose between unprotected sex or being arrested by police. The report also notes the consequences of this practice on sex workers' lives, including their vulnerability to STIs, such as HIV.
The report’s key findings are:
- In South Africa, 80% of sex workers said they had been intimidated or harassed by police for being a sex worker or doing sex work.
- In Zimbabwe, 85% of sex workers said they had been extorted by police.
- In Russia, 80% of sex workers said police had taken their condoms.
- In Namibia, 50% of sex workers said police destroyed their condoms and 75% of those who then did sex work had unprotected sex.
- In Russia, 60% of sex workers said police had used condoms as evidence against them.
- In the United States, 52% of sex workers said there had been times when they opted not to carry condoms because they were afraid it would mean problems with the police.
- In Kenya, 50% of outreach workers said that police had harassed them during the course of their outreach work.
This report also revealed that in most cases police went onto harass, physically assault and sexually abuse sex workers who carried condoms on them. Many used the threat of arrest on the grounds of condom possession to extort and exploit sex workers.
The report concludes that criminalising sex work and the use of condoms as evidence leaves sex workers particularly vulnerable to sexual infections and police abuse. The Criminalising Condoms report goes onto to offer several recommendations for national and local government agencies, as well as public health and HIV/AIDS researchers and agencies.
Additional related resources:
- “Why Do They Take Our Condoms, Do They Want Us to Die?”
- Cops and Rubbers: A game promoting advocacy and empathy in support of public health and human rights of sex workers